Finding your Balance Between Gifted Verbal and Imaginal Thinking Across the Lifespan

Finding your Balance Between Gifted Verbal and Imaginal Thinking Across the Lifespan
is de titel van een artikel van Willem Kuipers dat gepubliceerd is in Volume 18, 2019 van het Amerikaanse blad ‘Advanced Development, a Journal on Adult Giftedness’.
Dit ‘refereed journal’ wordt uitgegeven door ‘The Institute for the Study of Advanced Development, Inc.’, (ISAD) een nonprofit onderzoeksinstituut in Westminster, Colorado.
Zie hier voor nadere informatie over dit tijdschrift.
Het artikel van 20 bladzijden is als pdf-bestand te downloaden.


Due to their intensity, complexity, and drive, the gifted and extra intelligent may experience relatively large inner changes across their lifespan, possibly leading to new career ambitions.
I have developed tools to make these changes and their possible consequences visible, relating them to my clients’ personal experiences. Starting from the differences between verbal and imaginal thinking, I introduce a scattergram to visualize positions and possible changes in the two modes. I then apply Epstein’s Cognitive-Experiential Theory (CET) to broaden the concept of verbal versus imaginal thinking to rational versus experiential thinking.
The CET frame and wording are very well suited to explain changes in preference and ability to “following the head or the heart” across the lifespan and contribute to finding a new balance between the two.


  • Intensity, complexity, drive and the inner experience of giftedness
    • Many forms of expression
  • Verbal and imaginal thinking
    • Imaginal thinkers prefer Xi
    • Extra imaginal thinking
    • Beyond the label Verbal or Imaginal Thinker
  • Depicting ability in both verbal and imaginal thinking
    • The construction of the Scattergram
    • Applications to career counseling
  • Cognitive-Experiential Theory
    • An introduction to Cognitive-Experiential Theory
    • Application of CET to the inner experience of giftedness over the lifespan
    • The art of balance
  • CET broadens the concept of verbal/imaginal thinking
    • CET and the scattergram
    • A lack of balance shows itself
  • Concluding remarks
  • References